Cookies are short fragments of text (letters or numbers) that allow the web server to remember information for each client (thebrowser) to reuse the during the same session on the website (session cookies) or for subsequent sessions, even if the visits are days apart (persistent cookies). The cookies are saved according the user’s preferences, by the single browser only on the device being used (computer, tablet, smartphone).
Similar technology, such as web beacons, transparent GIFs and all forms of local storage introduced with HTML5, can be used to collect information regarding user behaviour and the use of services.
In the rest of this document we will refer to cookies and all similar technology with the blanket term “cookies”.
Types of cookies
According to the characteristics and use of the cookies, we can distinguish different categories:
- Strictly necessary cookies. These cookies are essential for the site to work correctly and are used to manage the login and access to restricted functions of the site, as well as the shopping basket, contact and information request functions.
- Analysis and performance cookies Cookies used to collect and analyse the traffic and use of the site anonymously. These cookies, despite not identifying the user, allow the website to detect when the same user returns to the site at different times. They also allow the system to be monitored and improve performance and usability.
- Profiling cookies These are permanent cookies used to identify (anonymously and not) the preferences of the user and to improve their navigating experience.
Third part’s cookies
When you visit a website you can receive cookies from both the website you visit (proprietary) and sites managed by other organisations (third parties). A notable example are the “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn. These are parts of the webpage you visit generated directly by the aforementioned sites and integrated in the host page. The most common use of social plugins is to facilitate the sharing of content on social networks.
The presence of these plugins involves the sending of cookies to and from all the sites managed by third parties. The management of information gathered by “third parties” is regulated by their informative statements to which you may refer. To ensure greater transparency and simplicity, the web addresses of the various third party informative statements and ways of managing the cookies are provided below.
Facebook information: https://www.facebook.com/help/cookies/
Facebook (configuration): access your account. Privacy section.
Twitter information: https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170514
Twitter (configuration): https://twitter.com/settings/security
Linkedin information: https://www.linkedin.com/legal/cookie-policy
Linkedin (configuration): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
Google+ information: http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/cookies/
Google+ (configuration): http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/managing/
This site includes some components sent by Google Analytics, a web traffic analysis service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). Again, these are third party cookies gathered and managed anonymously to monitor and improve the performance of the host site (performance cookies).
For more information, refer to the following link:
The user can selectively disable Google Analytics by installing the opt out component provided by Google on their browser. To disable Google Analytics, go to the following link:
Duration of cookies
Some cookies (session cookies) remain active only until the browser is closed or the user logs out. Other cookies “survive” the closure of the browser and are still available when the user returns.
These so-called persistent cookies and their duration are set by the server when they are created. In some cases an expiry is set, in other cases the duration is unlimited.
Navigating on the pages of the website, you can interact with the websites managed by third parties that can create or modify permanent and profiling cookies.
The user can decide whether to accept cookies or not using their browser settings.
Warning: total or partial disabling of technical cookies can cause some functions of the website reserved for registered users not to work. Public content is available even when the cookies are completely disabled.
Disabling “third party” cookies does not compromise navigability.
The settings can be defined specifically for different websites and applications. Furthermore, the best browsers allow you to define different settings for “proprietary” and “third party” cookies.
For example, in Firefox, via the Tools->Options->Privacy menu, you can access a control panel where you can define whether to accept the various types of cookies and remove them.
Internet Explorer: http://windows.microsoft.com/it-it/windows7/how-to-manage-cookies-in-internet-explorer-9